- When the hormonal balance of the body is disturbed, hair production can be affected.
- Women in menopause often speak about hair loss but many do not realize that hormonal imbalances cause unwanted hair growth too.
- All women produce small amounts of the male sex (or androgen) hormones, which includes testosterone, but it is the over production of the hormones that leads to excessive hair growth.
- We actually have hair all over body which stays on our bodies for our entire lives which is known as vellus hair which can be little thicker or darker depending on the person.
- Coming to terminal hair means it begins to appear during puberty with hormonal changes and continue to develop long after and it is darker than the vellus hair
- All women produce small amounts of the male sex (or androgen) hormones, which includes
testosterone, but it is the over production of the hormones that leads to excessive hair growth.
Excess hair can be categorized as either hirsutism or hypertrichosis.
- HIRSUTISM indicates the presence of excess terminal hair growth in areas of the body that is androgen-sensitive.
- Hirsutism is rarely caused by a serious illness but excess hair growth in women can causedistress or embarrassment.
- In some cases, hirsutism may be a result of an underlying medical disorder, such as polycysticovary syndrome.
- Androgen-sensitive areas of the body are the face, chest, areola, above the lip, lower back, buttock, inner thigh, external genitalia, axillae(under arms),chin and beard region.
- HYPERTRICHOSIS indicates excess terminal hair growth in areas of the body that is not androgen sensitive.
- Androgen-insensitive areas of the body include forehead, forearms, and tops of the hands.
The most important and common causes of excessive hair include::
- high levels of male hormones
- polycystic ovary syndrome(POS)
- ovarian tumors
- certain medication
- growth stimulating drugs
- adrenocortical carcinoma
- congenital adrenal hyperplasia